Skip Navigation LinksVolume : Volume 13 No.1 2004

  
  
  
Abstract
  
  
  
analisis_retak_elastik-plastik_dengan_kaedah_unsur_terhingga_kes_bebanan_mod_bergabung.pdfANALISIS RETAK ELASTIK-PLASTIK DENGAN KAEDAH UNSUR TERHINGGA KES BEBANAN MOD BERGABUNG
  
ABSTRACT: This investigation involved simulation and experiment works to predict a mixed mode crack growth direction and rates. In simulation stage, finite element computer software named Q-CRACK has been developed and compared with otherssoftware such as MSC. NASTRAN, CASCA and FRANC2D/L. The investigation used an aluminium plate with edge crack at the centre. Both ends of the plate were subjected to a combination of mode I and II loading. The specimen was loaded at loading angle 15°, 30° and 60°. Results from both simulation and experiment were compared and showed similar agreement. The notch in a ductile material shows blunting along a certain portion and sharpening, becomes very acute. However, some of the results obtained from the finite element analysis package did not coincide with experiment. Finally, several factors that can possibly influence this variation are noted in conclusion. KEYWORDS: Crack, mixed mode, Finite Element Method (FEM), Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM), J-integral, simulation. Author: Aidy Ali, Ahmad Kamal Arifin , Mohd. Sapuan Salit and Mohd. Yunin Hassan
20043/14/2017 12:21 PM3/30/2017 11:25 AM
aplikasi_komposit_polimer_dalam_industri_automobil.pdfAPLIKASI KOMPOSIT POLIMER DALAM INDUSTRI AUTOMOBIL
  
ABSTRACT: In this paper, a literature review on the application of polymeric composite materials in automotive industry is presented. Advantages and disadvantages of polymeric composite materials are briefly discussed. The application of polymeric composite materials in three main sections of automobile namely engine, power and transmission system, chasis and body installation and trim is presented by studying at various selected components such as pedal box, bumper, air intake manifold, suspension and spoiler. Design and manufacturing issues of polymeric composite materials related to automobiles are also included. KEYWORDS: Komposit berasaskan polimer, komponen automotif, komposit bertetulang gentian, casis, badan kereta, enjin dan penghantaran kereta. Author: S.M. Sapuan, A. Ariffin and M. F. Alias
20043/14/2017 12:21 PM3/30/2017 11:25 AM
computer_modelling_of_intake_valve_angle_and_study_of_turbulence_kinetic_energy_and_dissipation_rate.pdfCOMPUTER MODELLING OF INTAKE VALVE ANGLE AND STUDY OF TURBULENCE KINETIC ENERGY AND DISSIPATION RATE
  
ABSTRACT: Usually intake valve angle of all internal combustion engines is between 42° to 45°. The higher intake valve angle can reduce the valve edge thickness as well as the life of intake valve. In this research the intake valve angle has been modelled to seven different steps from 33° to 63° with 5° interval. The flow properties including turbulence kinetic energy and dissipation-rate of turbulence kinetic energy in suction and exhaust stroke inside a cylinder have been computed with seven different intake valve angles (33°, 38°, 43°, 48°, 53°, 58° and 63°) at each degree of crank angles from 180° to 360° in a suction stroke and 0° to 180° in exhaust stroke of a four-stroke IC engine. The results of the computational works show that turbulence kinetic energy in suction stroke starts increasing from the suction valve full opening timing at 210° crank angle after the top dead centre (TDC start at 180°) till the middle of the suction stroke at 260° crank angle in all the seven intake valve angles and then found to decrease till the suction valve is completely closed at 340° (20° before bottom dead centre BOC). The comparison of the effects of intake valve angles on turbulence kinetic energy shows that increasing the intake valve angles decreases the gradient and peak value turbulence kinetic energy. Dissipation-rate of turbulence kinetic energy is also found to follow a similar pattern of variation like turbulence kinetic energy. KEYWORDS: Turbulence kinetic energy, computer modelling, intake valve angle, dissipation rate Author: M. M. Syed Ali, S. M. Sapuan , M. M. H. Megat Ahmad and W. Asrar
20043/14/2017 12:22 PM3/30/2017 11:26 AM
electronic_grade_polysilicon_production_using_cvd_system_a_project_at_gao_kristall_plant_in_kyrgyzstan.pdfELECTRONIC GRADE POLYSILICON PRODUCTION USING CVD SYSTEM: A PROJECT AT GAO KRISTALL PLANT IN KYRGYZSTAN
  
ABSTRACT: The GAO Kristan Polysilicon Project is a project implemented under the framework of bilateral cooperation between the Government of Malaysia and Kyrgyz Republic which aims at producing electronic grade polysilicon samples at the GAO Kristan plant in Tash-Kumyr. The production of polysilicon chains start off with sand or quartzite which is decomposed into metallurgical-grade silicon (MGS). The reaction of MGS with HCI will form SiHCl 3 which will then go through several purification steps in order to obtain pure SiHCl 3. The subsequent reaction of SiHCl 3 and H2 in a chemical vapour deposition (CVD) reactor will deposit very pure polysilicon onto a thin monosilicon seed rod. The polysilicon samples were sent for testing at an independent lab in Norway and analysed using XRF spectroscopy to determine the main impurities of P, B, 0 and C. Several other impurities were also measured which include Fe, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Sb. Based on the measurement of the impurity concentrations, the purity of the polysilicon was about 99.9995% which was below the requirement for an electronic-grade polysilicon which is 9.999999999%. Resistivity measurement showed a high concentration of P content which indicated that it was an n-type polysilicon. KEYWORDS: Chemical vapour deposition, electronic grade, GAO Kristan, metallurgical, polysilicon, solar-cell grade, silicon, trichlorosilane. Author: Uda Hashim, Abang Annuar Ehsan , Panarbek Botaliev and Jarrasul Abduraimov
20043/14/2017 12:22 PM3/30/2017 11:27 AM
implementasi_kaedah_prototaip_cepat_ke_atas_rekabentuk_kajian_kehilangan_selatm_di_dalam_rangkaian_atm.pdfIMPLEMENTASI KAEDAH PROTOTAIP CEPAT KE ATAS REKABENTUK KAJIAN KEHILANGAN SELATM DI DALAM RANGKAIAN ATM
  
ABSTRACT: Information loss in ATM network occurs due to several factors. The ATM cell loss is one of them. In this study, the ATM cell characteristics were manipulated and applied in developing a prototype design based on complex programmable logic device (CPLD). The design starts from design modelling, simulation, and it ends with design implementation using CPLD chips. With the help of electronic design automation (EDA) tool and rapid prototyping technique, it can be concluded that the design prototype being developed was helpful in the said loss study. KEYWORDS: Mod pindah tak segerak (asynchronous transfer mode or ATM), prototaip cepat (rapid prototyping). Author: Abu Bakar Hasan, Masuri Othman, Jamaludin Omar dan Mahamood lsmail
20043/14/2017 12:22 PM3/30/2017 11:27 AM
mass_transfer_performance_of_curve_blade_impeller_in_gas_liquid_mixing.pdfMASS TRANSFER PERFORMANCE OF CURVE BLADE IMPELLER IN GAS-LIQUID MIXING
  
ABSTRACT: In this work the volumet ric mass transfer coefficient, kL a of a six bladed curve blade impeller (6CB) was compared with a standard six bladed Rushton Turbine (6RT) by measuring dissolved oxygen content in 20 cm diameter cylindrical tank. It was found that for gas rates in between 5 litre/min to 15 litre/min and rpm in between 300 to 700 rpm, 6CB gives 30 -50% higher volumetric mass transfer compared to 6RT at the same gas rate and impeller rotational speed. For the same range of gas rates and impeller speed, volumetric mass transfer coefficient per unit power input for 6CB was found to be higher than 6RT by 61% to 130% hence making 6CB as a perfect candidate for retrofitting 6RT in order to obtain better mass transfer performance for liquid-gas system without changing motor and shaft assembly. KEYWORDS: Stirred vessel, mass transfer, curve blade impeller, gas-liquid contacting. Author: Aziz A.R., Nik Sulaiman Nik Meriam. and Shaliza lbrahim
20043/14/2017 12:22 PM3/30/2017 11:28 AM
tool_life_and_wear_mechanism_of_p10_tin_carbide_tools_in_high_speed_end_milling_operations.pdfTOOL LIFE AND WEAR MECHANISM OF P10 TiN CARBIDE TOOLS IN HIGH SPEED END MILLING OPERATIONS
  
ABSTRACT: Carbide inserts of P1 O ISO grades were evaluated in dry cutting end milling operations of AISI H13 tool steel. Experiments were conducted at various cutting speeds, and feed rates. Experimental results are presented and discussed based on the insert's resistance to wear, and wear morphology at different combination of milling parameters. Tool performances are evaluated based on the cutting time and surface finish produced which is controlled predominantly by wear on the flank face. The longest tool life of 22 minutes is achieved at low cutting speed and feed rate and uniform abrasive wear is observed on the flank face. Whereas at higher combination of cutting speed and feed rate, crater wear is observed on the rake face, thermal and mechanical fatigues are observed on the flank face. KEYWORDS: TiN coated carbide inserts, wear mechanism, dry cutting, highspeed end milling. Author: J.A. Ghani, I.A. Choudhury, and H.H. Masjuki
20043/14/2017 12:22 PM3/30/2017 11:28 AM